is still the center of life and culture in southwestern Gyeongsangnam-do.
6 진주성촉석루 Chokseongnu Pavilion at Jinjuseong Fortress 7 진주성내성의북문이자정문에해당하는공북문 Gongbukmun Gate , which serves as Jinjuseong Fortress ’ s northern gate and main entrance 8 진주성안에전시된조선시대의화포들(천자총통, 지자총통, 현자총통) Cannons from the Joseon Dynasty ( cheonjachongtong, jijachongtong, hyeonjachongtong ) on display
Jinjuseong Fortress: Jinju’s must-see spot While Jinju’s image might seem prudent or respect- able, surprisingly, two of its representative cultural aspects are those of gyobang (the principal facilities that trained and oversaw female entertainers called gisaeng ) and food. As the city served as the home of a large-scale government office, many high officials and aristocrats from the capital region were frequent visitors, and the city was always bustling with people who would swarm in from all parts of the country. Naturally, feasts were held almost every day, and a taste for the arts could be felt in every nook and cranny of the city. Chokseongnu Pavilion, which is considered in the top three pavilions in Korea, boasted a regal presence worthy of its reputation, and cheerful music was performed at various folk entertainment sites and events including bullfights signature to Jinju. Due to the influence of gyobang culture, food in Jinju tends to be decorated in a more extravagant fashion than it is in other regions. For example, Jinju bibimbap came to take on today’s colorful ap- pearance to suit the taste of pleasure-seeking male aristocrats who enjoyed having fun and drinking. The first place visitors to Jinju must stop by is Jinjuseong Fortress, where Chokseongnu Pavilion is located. Constructed along Namgang River, Jin- juseong Fortress has an outer and inner wall whose respective circumferences are 4 and 1.7 kilometers. Inside the fortress are a variety of facilities such as Chokseongnu Pavilion, Uigisa Shrine, Yeongnam Pojeongsa Gate, Bukjangdae Post, Seojangdae Post, Changyeolsa Shrine, and Hoguksa Temple. Chok- seongnu Pavilion, in particular, has been selected as one of “50 Beautiful Places to Visit in South Korea” by CNN. Jinjuseong Fortress can be seen as representa- tive of Jinju’s history and culture. The fortress, which was constructed in the Three Kingdoms Period to defend against foreign enemies, was the location of the Battle of Jinju in 1592, in which General Kim Simin oversaw one of the most ferocious battles of the Imjin Waeran. At this battle, General Kim Simin led 3,800 soldiers in a fierce fight against over 20,000 Japanese forces. Although Kim Simin himself and many Korean soldiers inside the fortress were killed, the battle goes down in history as a major event that inflicted huge damage on the Japanese forces and thwarted their overall strategy. The fortress also became famous for the tale of Nongae, the Korean
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