Every year, Koreans contemplate the spirituality, health, and vitality of the animal symbolic of the new year to imbue the next 12 months with meaning. Among the 12 animals of the Korean zodiac, the Ox, as livestock, is by far the most beneficial to humans. With 2021 being the year of the Metal Ox, various figures and anecdotes related to cattle come to mind, of which Suwon’s story stands out as extraordinary. Back in the day, Suwon was famous for its cattle market, where myriads of cattle were bought and sold every day.
화성 축성과 수원 우시장의 성장 수원 우시장은 조선 후기 수원 화성 축성 시기 에활성화되었다. 수원화성성역을추진하면서공사 에필요한자재를운반하거나소를이용해공사를진 행했다. 공역이마무리되자소의활용도는급격히떨 어지게되었고, 그간잘활용했던소를처리하는것이 문제가됐다. 일부소는도축해서현방으로보내고기 로팔고, 일부는도지소를놓아늘어난소를사육하게 하거나, 농사에적극활용하기위한방책을마련해야 했다. 그러면서수원우시장이활성화되었다. 또한화성을축성하면서수원별로 別路 를개통한것도 수원 우시장 성장에 큰 역할을 했다. 수원 별로 개통 으로전국의물산이모이고새로운상업중심지로성 장할수있었기때문이다. 이렇게성장한수원장은사 방70리안팎을상권으로거느리게되었고, 이때전국 3대우시장이라는별칭을얻을정도로우시장도발달 했다.
1 수원우시장에서열린제 4 회 경기도가축품평회 The fourthGyeonggi-do Livestock Show, held at Suwon CattleMarket
The construction of Hwaseong Fortress and growth of Suwon CattleMarket
Suwon Cattle Market was established in the late Joseon Dynasty, around the time Hwaseong Fortress was built. With the con- struction of the fortress, cattle were deployed to Suwon en masse to transport necessary resources. Upon completion of this role, however, the cattle quickly lost utility value, and disposal of them became a problem. Some were slaughtered and distributed to hyeonbang (suppliers of meat to royal families, nobles, and officials) to be sold and some were rented out to farms at a yearly rate (paid in grain), but a more efficient measure was needed to redirect the cattle toward farmwork, and Suwon Cattle Market was devised as a result.
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