혁명의 산물 1만여 년 전, 길고 추웠던 빙하기가 끝나고 기후 가따뜻해지면서인간을둘러싼환경도크게바뀌었다. 구석기시대에는떨어진돌조각 뗀석기 을구해사용했지 만, 신석기시대가되면서기능과용도에맞게돌을갈 아 간석기 쓰게 되었다. 채집과 사냥으로 떠돌아다니던 인류가정착생활을하면서동물을사육하고씨를뿌려 곡식을거두게된다. 또한혁명적인사건이라할 ‘불’도 발견했다. 인류가 최초로 발견한 불은 번개나 벼락에 의해발생하거나단단한돌이부딪쳤을때생겨난불꽃 이다. 불을 발견하고 이를 통제하는 능력이 생기면서 음식을 익혀 먹고 난방도 가능해졌다. 조리는 물론 저 장과운반을위해서는그에맞는도구가필요했다. 우연한 기회에 점토가 불에 구워지면 단단해진다는 사실을 알게 된 후, 흙으로 움푹한 형태의 용기를 만 들어불에구워사용했다. 이전에는가죽이나열매의 껍질을 이용해 음식을 담고 운반했을 테지만 토기가 발명되면서 액체를 저장하거나 음식을 다양하게 조 리할 수 있게 되었다. 날로 먹거나 구워 먹던 것에서 찌거나 삶아 먹는 것이 가능해졌을 뿐 아니라, 날로 먹었을 때 유해하거나 소화하기 힘든 식물도 식량으 로활용하면서식량자원이더욱풍부해졌다. 사육과 경작의 도입이라는 농업의 출현이 신석기 혁 명이며, 이시기부터음식도본격적으로가공해서 익혀 서 먹을 수 있게 되었으니 바야흐로 인류의 문화가 시 작되었다. 이러한추론을가능케하는단서가빗살무 늬토기다. 빗금의 정체 그렇다면 빗금은 왜 들어간 것일까? 빗살무늬 토기는신석기시대의생활상을엿볼수있게하지만, 여전히 의문스러운 점은 많다. V자형으로 아래쪽이 뾰족하게생긴것이나몸체에작은구멍이뚫려있는 것 등 해명되지 않은 부분이 많다. 여기서는 형태나 기능성의측면은뒤로미루고빗금 빗살 에대해서만살 펴보자. 점토로 빚은 그릇을 불에 구울 때 고열에 잘 깨지지않도록, 집게로잡을때미끄러지지않도록표 면에빗금을넣었다는등의가설이있지만, 아직이를 확신할만한증거는없다.
Product of revolution Over 10,000 years ago, at the end of the long, cold Ice Age, the climate grew warmer and humans’ environments began to change drastically. In the Paleolithic Period, people used tools of chipped stone, but by the Neolithic Period, they started using ground stone tools that they would polish and refine according to function and purpose. Humans, who used to live nomadically by hunting and gathering, began to follow a sedentary lifestyle by domesticating animals, sowing seeds, and harvesting crops. They also discovered fire, which marked a revolutionary moment in human history. The first types of fire that humans discovered were the sparks that were generated by lightning or the flames that were created by striking stones together. As they discovered fire and acquired the ability to control it, they were able to cook food and heat their homes. To store and transport food in addition to cooking it, tools with specific functions be- came necessary. When people discovered—by accident—that clay hardens after being fired, they began to use this method to make hollow vessels. Before, people may have stored and transported food using vessels made from animal hides or plants, but with the invention of earthenware, they gained the ability to store liquids and cook food in a variety of manners. Not only were they now able to steam or boil food that they had once had to eat raw or cook by grilling, but they also began to use and eat plants that were either harmful or indigestible when consumed raw. This, in turn, enriched food resources. The emergence of early agriculture, which brought about domestication and cultivation, is called the Neolithic Revolu- tion. People’s newfound ability to consume food by processing (i.e. cooking) it marks the beginning of human civilization. And comb-pattern pottery is the clue that renders this inference possible. Comb pattern’s identity How, then, did the comb pattern come to be? Comb-pattern pottery offers us a glimpse into the lifestyle of Neolithic-Period humans, but there are still a lot of unanswered questions. Many aspects remain unexplained, such as the pointed bottom of the V-shaped vessels or the tiny holes in them. Here, let us put aside thinking about the shape and functional aspect of the pottery, and focus on examining the diagonal lines of the comb pattern. Some hypothesize that the pattern was engraved to prevent the objects from easily breaking in the high heat of the kiln or to keep them from slipping when people tried to pick themup with tongs, but there is not enough evidence to prove these claims. Primitive civilizations were in awe of natural phenomena and ideas of cosmic order. In particular, the sun, which provided the light and warmth necessary to the growth of humans, live- stock, and crops, was the object of absolute worship. Sunlight represented both the literal and divine radiance of the greater powers in which people believed, and this was embodied in
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